Research News and Publications
News/Press Releases

Greenland's tropic phase hard to pin down - Oregon Live (April 30, 2008)
FAYE FLAM— For years, climate researchers puzzled over a long hot spell about 90 million years ago, when tropical breadfruit trees flourished in Greenland, crocodiles slithered...

Past Greenhouse Warming Provides Clues To What The Future May Hold
- ScienceDaily (Feb. 26, 2008)
— If carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels continue on a "business-as-usual" trajectory, humans will have added about 5 trillion metric tons of carbon to the atmosphere by the year 2400

IPCC and Al Gore win 2007 Nobel Peace Prize - CNN (Oct. 12, 2007)
OSLO, Norway (CNN) -- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC; see Report) and former U.S. Vice President Al Gore won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Friday "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change...

Climatic Chain Reaction Caused Runaway Greenhouse Effect 55 Million Years Ago
 -
ScienceDaily (Feb. 27, 2007)  — There are new findings regarding a phase of rapid global greenhouse warming that took place 55 million years ago. This period of climate change is regarded as the best fossil analogue to current and future greenhouse warming

DARK OCEANS - The New Yorker, Annals of Science | 20 November 2006
           Elizabeth Kolbert - What carbon emissions are doing to the ocean... 

THE OTHER CO2 PROBLEM - NewScientist | 5 August 2006
Caspar Henderson - As the oceans turn acid, coral reefs will vanish along with innumerable other sea creatures.

ALTERED OCEANS: A CHEMICAL IMBALANCE
 - Los Angeles Times; 3 August 2006
Usha Lee McFarling; 
Growing seawater acidity threatens to wipe out coral, fish and other crucial species worldwide. Series: ALTERED OCEANS/Last of five parts

Arctic Warming - May 12-15, 2006
NY TimesBBC, CNN, many more....

2006 AAAS Session News
Sunday Times (London), Daily Mail, the Independent, the Statesman, Irish News, BBC News, and the Columbus Dispatch (February 18-28)

Global warming '30 times quicker than it used to be' The Independent  - Feb 17, 2006
By Steve Connor - Greenhouse gases are being released into the atmosphere 30 times faster than the time when the Earth experienced a previous episode of global warming..

Rapid Warming Causes Vegetation Changes

Eureka Alert, Nov 14, Science Daily, Nov 14, Forests, Nov 14
From Mississippi to Wyoming, Plants Once Danced to Fast-Changing Climate Tune
NSF Press Release, November 11, 2005
P-E Ocean Acidification 
New Scientist, Jeff Hecht, June 18, 2005, Observer.com, June 18, 2005, Terradaily.com June 13, 2005
Currents, UCSC Press Release, Tim Stephens, June 9, 2005

Global change:  An Earth on fire

HELMUT WEISSERT AND STEFANO M. BERNASCONI, March 11, 2004
Nature 428 , 130 - 132; doi:10.1038/428130a
Rapid climate change: Gas leak!
Quirin Schiermeier, June 12, 2003
Nature 423 , 681 - 682 ; doi:10.1038/423681a
Tropical climate study gives view of global heatwave
News in Brief, 30 October 2003
Nature 425 , 892 ; doi:10.1038/425892a UCSC Press Release
Runaway Climate: Methane, Extreme Global Warming, and Massive Deep-Sea Changes
ODP, May 5, 2003
JOI News Release
A Methane Trigger for Rapid Warming?
Gerald R. Dickens, February 14, 2003
Science 299: 1017 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1080789]
Did mammals spread out from an Asian Eden?
Becky Ham, March 14, 2002
MSNBC  (in Technology and Science; http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3077464/)
East of Eden at the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary
Chris Beard, March 15, 2002
Science 295: 2028-2029 [DOI:10.1126/science.1070259] (in Perspectives)
Global Warming Episode Between Paleocene And Eocene
Daily University Science News

Publications

Journal/Book Publications  (2002, 2003, 2004, 2005):

2007, in press

Meng, J., Y.-Q. Wang, X.-J. Ni, K. C., Beard, C.-K. Sun, Q. Li, X. Jin. B. Bai. 2007.  New Stratigraphic data from the Erlian Basin: definitions, divisions and correlations of Paleogene stratigraphic units in Inner Mongolia. American Museum Novitates 3570: 1-31.

Meng, J. C.-K. Li, Y.-Q. Wang, X.-J. Ni. 2007. A new Eocene rodent from the lower Arshanto Formation in the Nuhetingboerhe (Camp Margetts) area, Inner Mongolia. American Museum Novitates 3569: 1-18.

Ni, X.-J., K. C., Beard, J. Meng, Y.-Q. Wang and D. Gebo. 2007. Discovery of the first early Cenozoic euprimate (Mammalia) from Inner Mongolia. American Museum Novitates 3571: 1-11.

Jansen, E., J. Overpeck, et al., 2007: Palaeoclimate. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA

Nicolo, M.J., G.R. Dickens, C.J. Hollis, and J.C. Zachos, 2007, Multiple Early Eocene hyperthermals: Their sedimentary expression on the New Zealand continental margin and in the deep-sea. Geology, v. 35, pp. 699–702. [PDF]

Zachos, J.C., S.M. Bohaty, C.M. John, H. McCarren,  D.C. Kelly, and T. Nielsen,  2007, The Paleocene-Eocene Carbon Isotope Excursion: Constraints from Individual Shell Planktonic Foraminifer Records. Royal Society Phil. Trans. A, 365, 1829–1842 doi:10.1098/rsta.2007.2045 [PDF]

Westerhold, T., U. Röhl, J. Laskar, I. Raffi, J. Bowles, L. J. Lourens, and J.C. Zachos, 2007, On the duration of Magnetochrons C24r and C25n, and the timing of early Eocene global warming events: Implications from the ODP Leg 208 Walvis Ridge depth transect. Paleoceanography,22, PA2201, doi:10.1029/2006PA001322.

Hancock, H., Dickens, G. R., Thomas, E., and Blake, K. L., 2007. Reappraisal of early Paleogene CCD curves: foraminiferal assemblages and stable carbon isotopes across the carbonate facies of the Perth Abyssal Plain. International Journal of Earth Sciences, doi: 10.1007/s00531-006-0144-0

Thomas, E., 2007. Cenozoic mass extinctions in the deep sea; what disturbs the largest habitat on Earth? S. Monechi, R. Coccioni, and M. Rampino, eds., “Large Ecosystem Perturbations: Causes and Consequences”, Geological Society of America Special Paper, 424: 1-24.

Sluijs, A., Bowen, G. J., Brinkhuis, H., Lourens, L. J., and Thomas, E., 2007. The Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal maximum super greenhouse: biotic and geochemical signatures, age models and mechanisms of climate change. ‘Deep Time Perspectives on Climate Change: Marrying the Signal from Computer Models and Biological Proxies’, eds. M. Williams, A. M. Haywood, F. J. Gregory, and D. N. Schmidt, The Micropalaeontological Society, Special Publications, The Geological Society, London, 323-351

Röhl, U., T. Westerhold, J.C. Zachos, T.J. Bralower, accepted, On the duration of the Paleocene – Eocene thermal maximum (PETM). G-cubed.

Sluijs, A., H. Brinkhuis, S. Schouten, S. M. Bohaty, C. M. John, J. C. Zachos, G.-J. Reichart, J. S. Sinninghe Damsté, E. Crouch, G. R. Dickens, accepted, Environmental precursors to rapid light carbon injection at the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary. Nature.

Lippert, P. C. and J.C. Zachos, 2007, A biogenic origin for anomalous fine-grained magnetic material at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary at Wilson Lake, New Jersey. Paleoceanography

In press. Wang, Y.-Q., J. Meng, X.-J. Ni, and K. C. Beard. A new early Eocene arctostylopid (Arctostylopida, Mammalia) from Erlian Basin, Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia), China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.

In press. Meng, J. X.-J. Ni, C.-K Li. K.C. Beard, D.L. Gebo, Y.-Q. Wang and H.-J. Wang. New material of Alagomyidae (Mammalia, Glires) from the Late Paleocene Subeng locality, Inner Mongolia. American Museum Novitates (52 pages incuding 6 tables, and 15 figures).

In press. Tong, Y.-S., S.-Y. Ting, J. Meng, Q. Li, Y.-Q. Wang, P. L. Koch, W. C. Clyde, G. J. Bowen, and J. A. Shiebout. A possible artiodactyl species from the Paleocene of the Chijiang Basin, Jiangxi, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica.

In press. Li, C-K., J. Meng, and Y.-Q. Wang. Dawsonolagus, a primitive lagomorph from the Eocene Arshanto Formation, Inner Mongolia, China. Bulletin of the Carnegie Museum.

Paytan, A., Averyt, K., Faul, K., Gray, E., and Thomas, E., in press. Barite accumulation, ocean productivity and seawater Ba concentration across the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum. Geology

Huber, M., and Thomas, E., in press. Paleoceanography: Greenhouse Climates. Submitted to Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, J. H. Steele, S. A. Thorpe and K. K. Turekian, eds. (Academic Press),

Smith, F. A., Wing, S. L. and Freeman, K. H. 2007.  Carbon and hydrogen isotope compositions of plant lipids during the PETM as evidence for the response of terrestrial ecosystems to rapid climate change.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters 262:50-65.

Harrington, G. J., and Jaramillo, C. A. 2007. Paratropical floral extinction in the late Palaeocene-early Eocene. Journal of the Geological Society of London 164:323-332.

Clechenko, E. R., Kelly, D. C., Harrington, G. J. & Stiles, C. A. 2007. Terrestrial records of  a regional weathering pattern at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary in the Williston Basin of North Dakota. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119: 428-442.

Clyde, W. C., Hamzi, W., Finarelli, J. A., Wing, S. L., Schankler, D., and Chew, A. 2007. A basin-wide magnetostratigraphic framework for the Bighorn Basin, WY. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119: 848-859.

2006

Barker, P. F., and Thomas, E., 2006. Potential of the Scotia Sea Region for Determining the Onset and Development of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. In: Fütterer, D.K.; Damaske, D.; Kleinschmidt, G.; Miller, H.; Tessensohn, F. (Eds.), Antarctic Contributions to Global Earth Science" , ISAES-IX Proceedings Volume

Bralower, T.J., Premoli Silva, I., and Malone, M.J., 2006, Leg 198 Synthesis: A Remarkable 120-m.y. Record of Climate and Oceanography from Shatsky Rise, Northwest Pacific Ocean,  In Bralower, T. J., Premoli Silva, I., Malone, M., (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, v. 198.

Colosimo, A.B., T.J.Bralower,, and J.C. Zachos, 2006. Evidence for lysocline shoaling at the Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum on Shatsky Rise, northwest Pacific. In Bralower, T.J., Premoli Silva, I., and Malone, M.J. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 198, 1–36 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/198_SR/VOLUME/CHAPTERS/112.PDF  

Gibbs, S.J., Bralower, T.J., Bown, P.R., Zachos, J.C., and Bybell, L.M., 2006, Shelf-open ocean calcareous phytoplankton assemblages across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: Implications for global productivity gradients, Geology , v. 34;  p. 233–236. 

Kaiho, K., Takeda, K., Petrizzo, M.R., and Zachos, J.C., 2006, Anomalous shifts in tropical Pacific planktonic and benthic foraminiferal test size during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol.,  PalaeoecolPalaeo3 v. 237,  p. 456-464 

McMillan, M.E., Heller, P.L., and Wing, S.L. 2006. History and causes of post-Laramide relief in the Rocky Mountain orogenic plateau.  Geological Society of America Bulletin 118: 393ˆ405

Pagani, M., Pedentchouk, N., Huber, M., Sluijs, A.,  Schouten, S., Brinkhuis, H., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Reichart, G.-J., Dickens,  G.R. and Expedition-Scientists, 2006. Arctic hydrology during global warming at  the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Nature , 442 (7103):  671-675.

Sewall, J.O., and Sloan, L.C., 2006, A high-resolution climate study of the early Paleogene Laramide foreland, Geology, v. 34, p. 81-84, doi: 10.1130/G221771.1.

Sluijs, A., Schouten, S., Pagani, M., Woltering, M., Brinkhuis, H., and 10  others, (2006). Subtropical Arctic Ocean temperatures during the  Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum. Nature ,441 , 610-613| doi:10.1038.

Thomas, E.,  2006. Cenozoic mass extinctions in the deep sea; what disturbs the largest habitat on Earth? In: S. Monechi, M. Rampino, and R. Coccioni, eds., Mass Extinctions and Other Large Ecosystem Perturbations: Extraterrestrial and Terrestrial Causes, Geological Society of America Special Paper

Zachos, J.C., Schouten, S., Bohaty, S., Sluijs, A., Brinkhuis, H., Gibbs, S., Bralower, T., and Quattlebaum, T., 2006. Extreme warming of mid-latitude coastal ocean during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: Inferences from TEX86 and Isotope Data: Geology, 34: 737-740 


2005

Alegret, L., and Thomas, E.,  2005. Paleoenvironments across the Cretaceous/ Tertiary boundary in the central North Pacific (DSDP Site 465), the Gulf of Mexico and the Tethys: the benthic foraminiferal record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 224: vol. 1-2, 53-82, doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.03.031.

Bowen, G.J., Koch, P.L., Meng, J., Ye, J., Ting, S.Y., Li, Q., and Jin, X. 2005. Age and correlation of fossiliferous Late Paeocene-Early Eocene strata of the Erlian Basin, Inner Mongolia, China. American Museum Novitates 3425:1-24.

Bralower, T. J., 2005,  Data Report: Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Paleocene to early Oligocene interval at ODP Sites 1209, 1210, and 1211, Shatsky Rise, Pacific Ocean, In Bralower, T. J., Premoli Silva, I., Malone, M., (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, v. 198

Hancock, H.J.L. & G.R. Dickens, 2005. Carbonate dissolution episodes in Paleocene and Eocene sediment, Shatsky Rise, West-Central Pacific. Proceedings ODP, Scientific Reports, 198 available from World Wide Web: < http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/198_SR/116/116.htm>.

Harrington, G.J., Clechenko, E.R. & Kelly, D.C. 2005. Palynology and organic-carbon isotope ratios across a terrestrial Palaeocene/Eocene boundary section in the Williston Basin, North Dakota, USA. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 266:214-232.

Hollis, C.J., B.D. Field, C.M. Jones, C.P. Strong, G.J. Wilson & G.R. Dickens, 2005. Biostratigraphy and carbon isotope stratigraphy of uppermost Cretaceous-lower Cenozoic Muzzle Group in middle Clarence Valley, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 35: 345-383.

Hollis, C.J., G.R. Dickens, B.D. Field, C.M. Jones, & C.P. Strong, 2005, ThePaleocene-Eocene transition at Mead Stream, New Zealand: A southern Pacific record of early Cenozoic global change. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 215: 313-343.

Kelly, D.C., Zachos, J.C., Bralower, T.J., and Schellenberg, S.A. 2005, Enhanced terrestrial weathering/runoff and surface ocean carbonate production during the recovery stages of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum, Paleoceanography, v. 20, doi:10.1029/2005PA001163.

Lourens, L. J., A. Sluijs , D. Kroon , J. C. Zachos , E. Thomas , U. Röhl , J. Bowles, 2005. An early Eocene transient warming (~53 Ma): Implications for astronomically paced early Eocene hyperthermal events. Nature, v. 435, p. 1038-1041.

Meng J., Wyss A.R., Hu Y., Wang, Y., Bowen, G.J., and Koch, P.L. 2005. Glires (Mammalia) from the Late Paleocene Bayan Ulan Locality of Inner Mongolia. American Museum Novitates 3473: 1-25.

Molina, E., Gonzalvo, C., Mancheño, M. A., Ortiz, S., Schmitz, B., Thomas, E., and von Salis, K., in press 2005. Integrated Stratigraphy and Chronostratigraphy across the Ypresian-Lutetian transition at Fortuna section (Betic Cordillera, Spain). Newsletters in Stratigraphy, 41:

Ortiz, S., and Thomas, E., in press 2005.  Lower-middle Eocene benthic foraminifera from the Fortuna Section (Betic Cordillera, southeastern Spain), Micropaleontology,

Shellito, L. J., and Sloan, L. C., , 2005, Reconstructing a lost Eocene paradise, Part I: Simulating the change in global floral distribution at the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum, in press, Global and Planetary Change.

Shellito, L. J., and Sloan, L. C., 2005, Reconstructing a lost Eocene paradise, Part II: On the utility of dynamic global vegetation models in Pre-Quaternary climate studies, Global and Planetary Change.

Thomas, D. J., and Bralower, T. J., 2005,  Attempt to constrain the timing of North Atlantic Igneous Province volcanism relative to the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum, Marine Geology, v. 217, p. 233-254.

Wing, S.L., G. J. Harrington, F. A. Smith, J. I. Bloch, D. M. Boyer, K. H. Freeman, 2005, Transient Floral Change and Rapid Global Warming at the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary. Science, v.310, 993-997

Wing, S.L. 2005. A paleontological perspective on plant extinction. Pp.43-53, in, Krupnick, G., and Kress, J.W. (eds.) Plant Conservation ˆ A Natural History Approach. University of Chicago Press.

Zachos, J. C., U. Röhl, S.A. Schellenberg, A. Sluijs, D. A. Hodell, D. C. Kelly, E. Thomas, M. Nicolo, I. Raffi, L. J. Lourens, D. Kroon, H. McCarren, 2005. Rapid acidification of the ocean during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum.  Science, v. 308, p.1611-1615.

 
2004

Alegret, L. and Thomas, E., 2004. Benthic foraminifera and environmental turnover across the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary at Blake Nose (ODP Hole 1049C, Northwestern Atlantic). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 208, p. 59-83; doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.02.028

Barker, P. F., and Thomas, E., 2004. Origin, Signature and Palaeoclimatic Influence of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Earth Science Reviews, 66: 143-162; doi 10.1016/j.earscirev.2003.10.003

Bowen, G.J. and Beerling, D.J. 2004. An integrated model for soil organic carbon and CO2: implications for paleosol carbonate pCO2 paleobarometry. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18, GB1026, doi:10.1029/2003GB002117.

Bowen, G.J., D.J. Beerling, P.L. Koch, J.C. Zachos, and T. Quattlebaum, 2004. A humid climate state during the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum.  Nature v. 432, p. 495-499.

Bralower, T.J., Kelly, D.C., and Thomas, D. J., 2004,  Comment on ''Coccolith Sr//Ca records of productivity during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum from the Weddell Sea'' by Heather M. Stoll and Santo Bains, Paleoceanography , v. 19, 1029/2003PA000953.

Bralower, T.J., Kelly, D.C., and Thomas, D. J., 2004, Comment on ‘‘Coccolith Sr//Ca records of productivity during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum from the Weddell Sea’’ by Heather M. Stoll and Santo Bains, Paleoceanography, v. 19, 1029/2003PA000953.

Dickens, G.R. & J.M. Francis, 2004. Comment: A case for a comet impact trigger for the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum and carbon isotope excursion. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 217: 13-26

Dickens, G.R., 2004. Hydrocarbon-driven warming. Nature, 429: 513-515.

DiMichele, W.A., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Olszewski, T.D., Labandeira, C.C., Pandolfi, J.M., Wing, S.L., and Bobe, R. 2004.  Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: evidence from the fossil record. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 35:285-322.

Fricke, H., and Wing, S.L. 2004. Oxygen isotope and paleobotanical estimates of temperature and d18O ˆ latitudinal gradients over North America during the early Eocene. American Journal of Science 304: 612-635.

Greenwood, D.R., Wilf, P., Wing, S.L., and Christophel, D.C. 2004. Australian perspective on paleotemperature estimation using leaf-margin analysis. Palaios 19: 129-142.

Harrington, G. J. 2004. Structure of the North American vegetation gradiant during the late Paleocene/early Eocene warm climate. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 33-48.

Harrington, G. J., Kemp, S. J., and Koch, P. L. 2004. Palaeocene-Eocene paratropical floral change in North America: responses to climate change and plant immigration. Journal of the Geological Society, London 161: 173-184.

Meng, J., Bowen, G.J., Ye, J., Koch, P.L., Ting, S.Y., Li, Q., and Jin, X. 2004. Gomphos elkema from the Erlian Basin: Evidence for the Early Tertiary Bumbanian Land Mammal Age in Nei-Mongol, China. American Museum Novitates 3425: 1-24.

Sewall, J.O., and Sloan, L. Cirbus, 2004; The influence of a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean and reduced obliquity on early Paleogene climate, Geology;. 32;. 477–480; doi: 10.1130/G20295.

Sewall, J.O., Huber, M., and Sloan, L. Cirbus,  2004, A method for using a fully-coupled climate system model to generate detailed surface boundary conditions for paleoclimate modeling investigations: An early Paleogene example, Global and Planetary Change, 43, 173-182.

Tremolada, F., and Bralower, T. J., 2004, Nannofossil assemblage fluctuations during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum at Site 213 (Indian Ocean) and 401 (North Atlantic Ocean): Paleoceanographic Implications, Marine Micropaleontology, in press.

Wing, S.L. 2004. Mass extinctions in plant evolution. Pp. 61-98, in, Taylor, P.D. (ed.) Extinctions in the History of Life. Cambridge University Press.

Zachos, J.C., D. Kroon, P. Blum, et al., 2004. Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 208 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/208_IR/208ir.htm.


2003

Crouch, E.M., G.R. Dickens, H. Brinkhuis, M.-P. Aubry, C.J. Hollis, K.M. Rogers & H. Visscher, 2003. The Apectodinium acme and terrestrial discharge during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: new palynological, geochemical and calcareous nannoplankton observations at Tawanui, New Zealand. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 194: 387-403.

Dickens, G.R., 2003. Rethinking the global carbon cycle with a large, dynamic and microbially mediated gas hydrate capacitor. Earth and Planetary Science Letters (Frontiers), 213: 169-182.

Dickens, G.R., T. Fewless, E. Thomas & T.J. Bralower, 2003. Excess barite accumulation during the Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum: Massive input of dissolved barium from seafloor gas hydrate reservoirs. In: S.L. Wing, P. Gingerich, B. Schmitz & E. Thomas (eds), Causes and Consequences of Globally Warm Climates in the Early Paleogene, Geological Society of America Special Publication, 369: 11-23.

Hancock, H.J.L, G.R. Dickens, C.P. Strong, C.J. Hollis & B.D. Field, 2003. Foraminiferal and carbon isotope stratigraphy through the Paleocene-Eocene transition at Dee Stream, Marlborough, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 46: 1-19.

Harrington, G. J. 2003. Geographic patterns in the floral response to Paleocene-Eocene warming. in, Wing, S.L., Gingerich, P.D., Schmitz, B., and E. Thomas (eds.) Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates Geol. Soc. America Special Paper 369:381-393.

Harrington, G. J. 2003. Wasatchian (early Eocene) pollen floras from the Red Hot Truck Stop, Mississippi, USA. Palaeontology 46: 725-738.

Katz, M. E., Wright, J. D., Katz, D. R., Miller, K. G., Pak, D. K., Shackleton, N. J., and Thomas, E. , 2003. Early Cenozoic benthic foraminiferal isotopes: species reliability and interspecies correction factors. Paleoceanography, 18: No. 2, 1024, doi: 10.1029/2002PA000798

Koch, P. L., Clyde, W. C., Heppel, R. P.,  Fogel, M. L., Wing, S. L., and Zachos, J. C. 2003. Isotopic records of carbon cycle and climate change across the Paleocene-Eocene boundary from the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. in, Wing, S.L., Gingerich, P.D., Schmitz, B., and E. Thomas (eds.) Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates Geol. Soc. America Special Paper 369:49-64.

Kurtz, A.C., Kump, L.R., Arthur, M.A., Zachos, J.C., and Paytan, A., 2003. Early Cenozoic decoupling of the global carbon and sulfur cycles. Paleoceanography 18(4), 1090, doi:10.1029/2003PA0009908, 2003.

Royer, D. L., Hickey, L. J., and Wing, S. L. 2003. Paleoecology of Ginkgo. Paleobiology 29:84-104.

Shellito, C., Sloan, L.C., and Huber, M., Climate model sensitivity to atmospheric  CO2 levels in the Early-Middle Paleogene; Palaeogeog., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol. 193 (2003) 113-123.

Thomas, D. J., Bralower, T. J., and Jones, C. E., 2003, Neodymium isotopic reconstruction of Late Paleocene-Early Eocene thermohaline circulation, Earth Planet Sci. Lett, v. 209, p. 309-322.

Thomas, E., 2003. Extinction and food at the sea floor: a high-resolution benthic foraminiferal record across the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum, Southern Ocean Site 690. In press: Wing, S., Gingerich, P., Schmitz, B., and Thomas, E., eds. Causes and Consequences of Globally Warm Climates of the Paleogene, GSA Special Paper, 369: 319-332

Ting, S., Bowen, G.J., Koch, P.L., Clyde, W.C., Wang Yuanqing, WangYuan, and McKenna, M.C. 2003. Biostratigraphic, chemostratigraphic, and magnetostratigraphic study across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary in the Hengyang Basin, Hunan, China. In Causes and Consequences of Globally Warm Climates in the Early Paleogene (S.L. Wing, P.D. Gingerich, B. Schmitz, and E. Thomas, eds.), Boulder, Colorado. Geological Society of America Special Paper 369: 521-535.

Wilf, P. D., Cúneo, N. R., Johnson, K. R., Hicks, J. F., Wing, S. L., and Obradovich, J. D. 2003. High plant diversity in Eocene South America: evidence from Patagonia. Science 300: 122-125.

Wing, S. L., Gingerich, P. D., Schmitz, B., and Thomas, E. 2003. Edited volume - Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates. Geological Society of America Special Paper 369.

Wing, S. L., Harrington, G. J., Bowen, G. J., and Koch, P. L. 2003. Floral change during the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming. in, Wing, S.L., Gingerich, P.D., Schmitz, B., and E. Thomas (eds.) Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates Geol. Soc. America Special Paper 369:425-440.

Wing, S.L. in press. Mass extinctions in plant evolution. in, Taylor, P.D. (ed.) Extinctions in the History of Life. Cambridge University Press.

Wing, S.L., Harrington, G.J., Bowen, G.J., and Koch, P.L. 2003. Floral change during the Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming. In Causes and Consequences of Globally Warm Climates in the Early Paleogene (S.L. Wing, P.D. Gingerich, B. Schmitz, and E. Thomas, eds.), Boulder, Colorado. Geological Society of America Special Paper 369: 425-440.

Zachos, J. C., Wara, M. W., Bohaty, S., Delaney, M. L. Petrizzo, M. R., Brill, A., Bralower, T. J. and Premoli-Silva I., 2003, A Transient Rise in Tropical Sea Surface Temperature During the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum, Science v. 302, p. 1551-155.


2002

Bowen, G.J., Clyde, W.C., Koch, P.L., Ting, S., Alroy, J., Tsubamoto, T., Wang, Yuanqing, and Wang Yuan, 2002. Temporally constrained patterns of mammalian dispersal at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. Science 295: 2062-2065.

Bralower, T. J., 2002, Evidence for surface water oligotrophy during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: Nannofossil assemblage data from Ocean Drilling Program Site 690, Maud Rise, Weddell Sea, Paleoceanography, v. 17, no. 2, 10.1029/2001PA000662.

Bralower, T. J., Data Report: Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Paleocene to early Oligocene interval at ODP Sites 1209, 1210, and 1211, Shatsky Rise, Pacific Ocean, In Bralower, T. J., Premoli Silva, I., Malone, M., (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, v. 198, in review.

Bralower, T. J., Premoli Silva, I., Malone, M., and the Scientific Participants of Leg 198, 2002, New Evidence for abrupt climate change in the Cretaceous and Paleogene: An Ocean Drilling Program expedition to Shatsky Rise, northwest Pacific, GSA Today, v. 12, no. 11, p. 4-10.

Bralower, T. J., Premoli Silva, I., Malone, M., and the Scientific Participants of Leg 198, 2002, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Report, v. 198. [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: http://wwwodp.tamu.edu/publications/198_IR/198ir.htm.

Bralower, T.J., Kelly, D.C., and Leckie, R. M., 2002, Biotic effects of abrupt Paleocene and Cretaceous climate events. Legacy of the Ocean Drilling Program, JOIDES Journal, v. 28, no. 1, p. 29-34.

Morrill, C., and Koch, P.L., 2002. Elevation or alteration? Evaluation of isotopic constraints on paleoaltitudes surrounding the Eocene Green River Basin. Geology 30: 151-154.

Thomas, D. J., J. C. Zachos, T. J. Bralower, E. Thomas, and S. Bohaty, 2002, Warming the Fuel for the Fire: Evidence for the thermal dissociation of methane hydrate during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum, Geology, v. 30, p. 1067-1070.


IN PRESS OR SUBMITTED
Colosimo, A.B., Bralower, T.J., and Zachos, J.C., Evidence for lysocline shoaling and methane hydrate dissociation at the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum on Shatsky Rise, ODP Leg 198, In Bralower, T. J., Premoli Silva, I., Malone, M., (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, v. 198, in review.

Fricke, H., and Wing, S.L. submitted. Oxygen isotope and paleobotanical estimated of temperature and _18O – latitude gradients over North America during the early Eocene. American Journal of Science.

Meng, J., Bowen, G.J., Koch, P.L., Ting, S., Li, Q., and Jin, X. Gomphos elkema from the Erlian Basin: Evidence for the Early Tertiary Bumbanian Land Mammal Age in Nei-Mongol, China. American Museum Novitates, in press.

Ting, S., Wang, Yuanqing, Schiebout, J.A., Koch, P.L., Clyde, W.C., Bowen, G.J., and Wang, Yuan. Pilgrimage across the Asian Paleocene/Eocene boundary: New fossils from the Hengyang Basin, Hunan, China. Volume in Honor of Malcolm McKenna. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, in press.

Wing, S.L. in press. A paleontological perspective on plant extinction. in, Krupnick, G., and Kress, J.W. (eds.) University of Chicago Press.